Why Do Gender Inequalities Persist in Economic Development, Work and Families?
Despite large-scale social changes over the last several decades, gender is still a key factor that influences who generates economic growth as an entrepreneur, who does the housework, and who leads scientific discoveries. The central goal of my research is to identify and understand the social processes that reproduce particularly persistent forms of inequality like these. My analytic strategy centers on making theoretical connections between micro-level social psychological processes and macro-level institutional structures. To this end, I employ multiple methodologies, including experimental studies, large-scale survey analysis, cross-national comparisons and in-depth interviews.
In recent and ongoing projects on the topic of gender inequality in entrepreneurship, I investigate how work-family policies and widely shared cultural stereotypes about gender work together to structure the context in which individuals a) perceive business ownership as a viable labor market option and b) gain legitimacy and support for their business idea. I also identify certain macroeconomic trends—such as the Great Recession—that may affect the prevalence of gender bias in entrepreneurial lending. In other work, I consider how organizational policies and practices, gender norms, and stereotypic beliefs about men's and women's abilities matter for understanding phenomena such as the household division of labor, gendered patterns of hiring and workplace authority, and men’s overrepresentation in academic science and engineering.
Doering, Laura and Sarah Thébaud. Forthcoming. “The Effects of Gendered Occupational Roles on Men's and Women's Workplace Authority: Evidence from Microfinance.” American Sociological Review.
Kuwabara, Ko and Sarah Thébaud. Forthcoming. “When Beauty Doesn’t Pay: Gender and Beauty Biases among Entrepreneurs in a Peer-to-peer Loan Market.” Social Forces.
Weeden, Kim A., Sarah Thébaud, and Dafna Gelbgiser. Forthcoming. “Degrees of Difference: Gender Segregation of US Doctorates by Field and Institutional Prestige.” Sociological Science.
Thébaud, Sarah and David S. Pedulla. (equal authorship). 2016. “Masculinity and the Stalled Revolution: How Gender Ideologies and Norms Shape Young Men’s Responses to Work-Family Policies.” Gender & Society 30(4): 590-617.
Thébaud, Sarah. 2011. “Social Policies and Entrepreneurship: Institutional Foundations of Gender Gaps across 24 Countries.” Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings.
Correll, Shelley J., Sarah Thébaud and Stephen Benard. 2007. “An Introduction to the Social Psychology of Gender”. Pp. 1-18 in Shelley J. Correll, ed., Social Psychology of Gender (Advances in Group Processes Volume 24) New York: Elsevier.
Policy Briefs, Press Articles, and Blogposts
SOC 290C: Graduate Professional Development Seminar
SOC 196H: Honors Practicum
SOC 108A: Research Traditions
SOC 245A: Graduate Gender Seminar
SOC 185G: Theories of Gender and Inequality