Culture, Social Theory, Sociology of Knowledge
Ph.D., UC Berkeley
I am a cultural sociologist engaged in comparative-historical research through an interdisciplinary approach. Focusing primarily on the first half of the twentieth century, my work examines the production and circulation of meaning in historical experience. It draws on visual and textual narratives to assess the dynamic nature of political and social phenomena, especially during times of traumatic transformations. And it looks at cultural forms as helping to mediate the boundaries between official history and people’s lived experience, the public and the private. My award-winning book, Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini’s Italy (1997), employs the category of “aesthetic politics” to analyze the role that symbolic discourse — myths, rituals, images and speeches — played in the making of the fascist regime and the construction of Mussolini’s power. In turn, Rethinking the Political: The Sacred, Aesthetic Politics, and the Collège de Sociologie (2011) utilizes the notion of “the sacred” to address 1930s French analyses of the “crisis of democracy” amidst the growing rise of totalitarianisms. My most recentbook, Fascism, the War, and Structures of Feeling in Italy, 1943-1945: Tales in Chiaroscuro (2023), examines shifts in Italians’ perception of fascism in the years immediately following the fall of Mussolini’s regime in July 1943. Inspired by Raymond Williams’s concept of “structures of feeling” and based on more than one hundred private diaries of ordinary citizens, the book is a hermeneutical investigation of how Italians negotiated their historical situatedness after twenty years of fascist dictatorship.
I am the recipient of grants and awards from the American Philosophical Society, the European University Institute, the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and more recently the National Humanities Center, where I was the Archie K. Davis fellow during the academic year 2018-2019.
Fascist Spectacle: The Aesthetics of Power in Mussolini's Italy (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).
Georges Bataille, La Sociologie sacrée du monde contemporain (Paris: Éditions Lignes Manifestes, 2004), edited, with introduction and annotated commentary.
Waste and Consumption: Capitalism, the Environment, and the Life of Things (New York: Routledge, 2011).
Rethinking the Political: The Sacred, Aesthetic Politics, and the Collège de Sociologie (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2011).
Fascism, the War, and Structures of Feeling in Italy, 1943-1945: Tales in Chiaroscuro (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2023).
Articles and Chapters:
“Idols of Consumption: From Mussolini to Trump” in Michael P. Harvey (ed.), Donald Trump in Historical Perspective: Dead Precedents (London: Routledge, 2022), pp. 81-93.
“What’s in a Name? The Sacred, Science and the Collège de Sociologie” in Peter Kivisto (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Social Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021), pp. 103-123.
“History, Ordinary Culture, and ‘Structure of Feeling’: Revisiting Raymond Williams” in Il Pensiero Storico: Rivista internazionale di storia delle idee no. 7 (2020), pp. 99-118.
“Ordinary Anti-Fascism? Italy and the Fall of Fascism, 1943-1945” in Journal of Modern Italian Studies vol. 24, no. 1 (2019), pp. 171-189.
“A ‘Beautiful’ Dream: Mussolini’s Delirium of Omnipotence” in Bogdan C. Jacob and Vladimir Tismaneanu (eds.), Ideological Storms: Intellectuals, Dictators, and the Totalitarian Temptation (Budapest-New York: Central European University Press, 2019), pp. 193-208.
“The Ambiguity of the Sacred: Revisiting Roger Caillois’s L’Homme et le sacré” in Journal for the Academic Study of Religion vol. 30, no. 1 (2017), pp. 3-21.
“Ethnography and Anti-Aestheticism: The Case of Documents” in The International Journal of Arts Theory and History vol. 12, no. 3 (2017), pp. 21-32.
“Sociology and Ethnography” in Mark Hewson and Marcus Coelen (eds.), Georges Bataille: Key Concepts (London: Routledge, 2016), pp. 38-49.
“The Politics of Aesthetics: Mussolini and Fascist Italy” in Arundhati Virmani (ed)., Political Aesthetics: Culture, Critique and the Everyday (London: Routledge, 2016), pp. 30-48.
“Society as Representation: Durkheim, Psychology, and the Dualism of Human Nature” in Durkheimian Studies/Etudes Durkheimiennes vol. 20 (2014), pp. 43-63.
“L’excès du social: Durkheim, Mauss et le Collège de Sociologie” in Anamnèse vol. 8 (2013), pp. 77-90.
Italy and the Public Sphere, special issue of Journal of Modern Italian Studies vol. 18, no. 3 (June 2013), co-edited with Richard Kaplan.
Social Theory, Culture and Politics, Waste and the Environment, SOC294